Bobrow B J, Ewy G A, Clark L, Chikani V, Berg R A, Sanders A B, Vadeboncoeur T F, Hilwig R W, Kern K B. Ann Emerg Med 2009; 54(5): 656-62
Retrospective analysis of statewide out-of-hospital cardiac arrests on over 1000 patients receiving either passive ventilation or bag-valve-mask ventilation treatment by paramedics. Adjusted neurologically intact survival between ventilation techniques was the main results category compared. Passive ventilation proved more successful under the terms used.
Bobrow B J, Ewy G A. Curr Opin Crit Care 2009; 15(3): 228-33
A discussion on recent findings surrounding the role of ventilation during CPR during OHCA, focusing on whether passive oxygen insufflation is an optimal form of ventilation when compared to intubation and active assisted ventilation. The authors summarise and suggest that training prehospital medical providers to use passive insufflation may increase critical organ perfusion and therefore survival after OHCA.